Surgery is one of the main treatments for cancer, and is often used in combination with radiotherapy and/or drug therapies such as chemotherapy.
Surgery can be undertaken to confirm a diagnosis of cancer, involving removing a small piece of tissue that will be examined to identify whether cancer cells are present and to confirm what type of cancer is affecting the cells.
Where possible surgery is used to remove a tumour and nearby tissues. If your cancer has spread or it isn't possible to remove all of the tumour and surrounding tissue you may need further cancer treatment. If your cancer cannot be completely removed or cured surgery can sometimes still help, as removing a tumour can reduce its effects such as a blockage, discomfort or other complications.
Surgery is also used to reconstruct or reshape part of a body, such as breast reconstruction, facial reconstruction and bladder reconstruction.